Success indicators of marine protected areas in the Philippines: A systematic review

Authors

  • Nino Jess Mar Mecha College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3885-5413
  • Jesusito A. Vicente College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5923-5486
  • Genese Divine Cayabo College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8038-0485
  • Shellajean Omar College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0816-0311
  • Janry Ducado College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0631-4548
  • Jennie Cleto College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7197-0798
  • Vanessa Abrea College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3706-7984
  • Jemima Dano College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3237-6104
  • Lota Creencia College of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Western Philippines University, Puerto Princesa City, Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8586-8604

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.218

Keywords:

marine protected areas, coral cover, fish biomass, CPUE, socioeconomics, success indicator

Abstract

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are valuable tools to protect the marine environment from various anthropogenic activities and restore biodiversity and fisheries productivity. Although many MPAs established all over the Philippines, a comprehensive review of its success indicators is limited. This systematic review evaluated different success indicators of MPAs in the country. Using a systematic review, 83 online-published papers that reported issues related to the success or failure of established MPAs were evaluated. The success indicators evaluated in this review include coral cover, fish biomass, species composition, species richness, catch per unit effort (CPUE), governance, socio-economic status, and stakeholders' perception. Results of this systematic review revealed that improved biological features in terms of coral cover, fish biomass, and species composition are the common indicators of a successful MPA. As a result, ecological conditions are improved within the vicinity as manifested in the higher catch in the surrounding areas due to spill-over effect  of the fish population from the MPA. Moreover, the stakeholders' involvement and participation in management and good governance are essential factors for the success of MPA.

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Published

2022-04-15

How to Cite

Mecha, N. J. M., Vicente, J. A., Cayabo, G. D., Omar, S., Ducado, J., Cleto, J., Abrea, V., Dano , J., & Creencia, L. (2022). Success indicators of marine protected areas in the Philippines: A systematic review. Ecocycles, 8(1), 73–85. https://doi.org/10.19040/ecocycles.v8i1.218

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Section

Articles